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Oxidation of Fish Waste

Traditional Bacterial Method


 Photocatalytic Mineralization


While it has been one of the pre-eminent topics of Chemistry research for close to fifty years, it has yet to achieve an effective consumer application. Traditionally a healthy thriving bacterial population was required to process fish waste which also benefits opportunistic pathogens. When Photocatalysis is employed in an Aquarium, pathogenic bacteria are eliminated along with the fish waste. Healthy aquarium.

How? Reduction/Oxidation

When a photocatalyst is excited by Ultraviolet Light in the presence of water, a redox reaction can occur that produces a Hydroxyl radical and a Reactive Oxygen Species. Short lived Hydroxyl radicals are the second most powerful oxidizer known to man and are the "atmospheric detergent" that cleans Earth.  Hydroxyl Radicals are the "work horse" of sanitization but they never leave the proximity of the Photocatalytic surface because of their extreme reactive nature. The concurrent formation of other Reactive Oxygen Species like singlet oxygen, hydrogen peroxide, or superoxide anion that are less reactive, allowing them to return to the bulk of the water to help maintain water clarity and purity of the Aquarium without damaging the Fish or Plants. These persistent sanitizers help control Algae and bacterial blooms.

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